Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004 Dec 6;1742(1-3):103-12.
Laboratorium voor Fysiologie, K.U. Leuven Campus Gasthuisberg O/N, Herestraat 49, B-3000, Leuven, Belgium.
Recent evidence highlights the functional importance of the Golgi apparatus as an agonist-sensitive intracellular Ca(2+) store. Besides Ca(2+)-release channels and Ca(2+)-binding proteins, the Golgi complex contains Ca(2+)-uptake mechanisms consisting of the well-known sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-transport ATPases (SERCA) and the much less characterized secretory-pathway Ca(2+)-transport ATPases (SPCA). SPCA supplies the Golgi compartments and, possibly, the more distal compartments of the secretory pathway with both Ca(2+) and Mn(2+) and, therefore, plays an important role in the cytosolic and intra-Golgi Ca(2+) and Mn(2+) homeostasis. Mutations in the human gene encoding the SPCA1 pump (ATP2C1) resulting in Hailey-Hailey disease, an autosomal dominant skin disorder, are discussed.